Carol J. Boyd

Carol Boyd

Carol J. Boyd, PhD, RN, FAAN

Deborah J Oakley Collegiate Professor
Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences
Room 3350 400NIB
University of Michigan School of Nursing
400 North Ingalls Building
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5482
Office also at:
Institute for Research on Women and Gender
Lane Hall, 204 S. State Street,  Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1290
Telephone: (734) 647-8570
Fax: (734) 763-0681

Scholarly Expertise / Activity


  • Prescription medication misuse
  • Abuse of controlled substances
  • Gender, sexual orientation, and substance abuse
  • Medication diversion

Dr. Carol Boyd also holds U-M appointments as Professor, Women's Studies Department, LSA; Research Professor, Addiction Research Center, Dept. of Psychiatry; Research Professor, Institute for Research on Women & Gender. She has conducted mixed-method studies that use innovative technologies to examine the relationship between gender and health behaviors. Her first NIH-funded research began in Detroit examining the family relationships of female drug users; however, in 1987 she expanded her focus to include attachment within the mother-daughter relationship and its role in reproducing mothering behaviors. Dr. Boyd is known as a methodologist who designs studies aimed at hidden populations (e.g., drug users, adolescents, prisoners, low resource communities). She has received funding for her research from the National Institutes of Health, State of Michigan, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institute of Justice, and USAID, as well as a number of smaller foundations. Dr. Boyd has: 1) Used innovative web-based methods to survey adolescents and young adults; 2) Collected data with mobile phones from low literate women in Liberia; 3) Conducted mixed method studies of women who smoke crack cocaine, and 4) Conducted secondary analysis focused on sexual minorities using pre-existing national databases. Her current research focuses on prescription medication adherence and misuse, maternity waiting homes in Liberia and clinical interventions to increase medication adherence in high-risk populations. Dr. Boyd’s international experiences includes teaching, mentoring and research in China, Ghana, Liberia, Poland and Zambia.

Current Research Grants and Programs:

  • SHARP Women’s Foundation, 2011-2016 Sport, Health Activity, Research and Policy Center for Women and Girls (Co-PIs: Boyd, C., Babiak, K.)
  • NIH Training Grant 1999-2015 National Institute on Drug Abuse From Bench to Bedside: An Interdisciplinary Substance Abuse Training Program (Co-PI: Boyd, C. with Gnegy, M.)

Affiliations / Service

  • External Advisory Board for the REMS Program for ONSOLIS®, Meda, 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board, National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board,Post-Marketing Surveillance for Suboxone® and Subutex®, Reckitt Benckiser, Inc., 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board: DARE America, 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board, Institute for Behavior and Health, 2010

Notable Awards / Honors

  • NCID Exemplary Diversity Engagement and Scholarship Award, National Center for Institutional Diversity, 2009
  • Sarah Goddard Power Award for Distinguished Service, University of Michigan, 2009
  • President’s Award, International Nursing Society of Addictions, 2006
  • Senior Mentor Award, Substance Abuse and Addiction Research Section, Midwest Nursing Research Society, 2003
  • Nursing Recognition Award - Research, Sigma Theta Tau, Alpha Lambda Chapter, University of Illinois, Chicago, Ill, 1998
  • Golden Apple Professor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 1996


  • PhD, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1987
  • MSN, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1982
  • BSN, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, 1978
  • BGS, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, M, 1973

Publication Highlights

  • Boyd CJ, Veliz PT, McCabe SE. (2015). Adolescents’ use of medical marijuana: A secondary analysis of Monitoring the Future Data. Journal of Adolescent Health. August 57 (2), 241–244. DOI:
  • Boyd, C.J., Meier, E.O., Epstein-Ngo, Q., Veliz, P.T., & McCabe, S.E. (2014). A prospective study of adolescents’ nonmedical use of anxiolytic and sleep medications. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. Advance online publication. PMID: 25419966.
  • Boyd, C.J, Young, A., & McCabe, S.E. (2014). Psychological and drug abuse symptoms associated with nonmedical use of opioid analgesics among adolescents. Substance Abuse, 35(3), 284-289. PMID: 2490535
  • Lori, J.R., Rominski, S., Osher, B.F., & Boyd, C.J. (2014). A case series study of perinatal deaths at one referral center in rural post-conflict Liberia. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 18(1), 45-51. PMCID: 3703491.
  • Strobbe, S., Hagerty, B., & Boyd, C. (2012). Applying the nursing theory of human relatedness to alcoholism and recovery in alcoholics anonymous. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 23(4), 241-247. doi: 10.1097/JAN.0b013e31826f67e8.
  • Boyd C.J., Brennan M.J. (2010). High Stakes, Young Lives: Prescription Medications in Our Communities—Insights From Recovering Teens on Preventing Prescription Drug Diversion. CME/CE Monograph. 2010. PharmaCom Group, Inc: Stamford, CT. Available at:
  • Boyd, C.J., Young, A.M., Grey, M., & McCabe, S.E. (2009). Adolescents’ nonmedical use of prescription medications and other problem behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health. PMC Journal-In Process.
  • Boyd, C.J., Teter, C.J., West, B., Morales, M., & McCabe, S. (2009). Non-medical use of prescription pain medications and its relationship to substance abuse and dependence: A three-year panel study. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 28, 232-242. PMC Journal - In process
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., Cranford, J.E., Slayden, J., Lange, J.E., Reed, M.B., Ketchie, J.M., & Scott, M.S. (2008). Heavy episodic drinking and its consequences: The protective effects of same-sex residential living-learning communities for undergraduate women. Addictive Behaviors, 33(8), 987-993. PMCID: PMC2528065
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E. (2008). Coming to terms with the nonmedical use of prescription medications. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy, 3(1), 22. PMCID: 2600778.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., Cranford, J.A., & Young, A.M. (2007). Gender Differences in Prescription Drug Abuse and Diversion among Adolescents in a Southeast Michigan School-District. Archives of Adolescent and Pediatric Medicine, 161, 276-281. PMID: 17339509.
  • Boyd, C.J. (2007) Nonmedical Use of Prescription Medications: What Nurses Should Know. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 18, 113-118.
  • McCabe, S.E., West, B.T., Morales, M., Cranford, J.A., Boyd, C.J. (2007). Does Early Onset of Non-Medical Use Predict Prescription Drug Abuse and Dependence? Results from a National Study. Addiction, 102, 1920-1930. PMCID: 2377405.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E. & Teter, C.J. (2006). Asthma Inhaler Misuse and Substance Abuse: A Random Survey of Secondary School Students. Addictive Behaviors, 31(2), 278-287 PMCID: 2376756.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., & Teter, C.J. (2006). Medical and Nonmedical Use of Prescription Pain Medication by Youth in a Detroit-Area Public School District. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 81(1), 37-45. PMCID: 1785363.