Carol J. Boyd

Carol Boyd

Carol J. Boyd, PhD, RN, FAAN

Deborah J Oakley Collegiate Professor
Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences
Room 3350 400NIB
University of Michigan School of Nursing
400 North Ingalls Building
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5482
Office also at:
Institute for Research on Women and Gender
Lane Hall, 204 S. State Street,  Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1290
Telephone: (734) 647-8570
Fax: (734) 763-0681

Scholarly Expertise / Activity


  • Prescription medication misuse
  • Abuse of controlled substances
  • Gender, sexual orientation, and substance abuse
  • Medication diversion

Dr. Carol Boyd also holds U-M appointments as Professor, Women's Studies Department, LSA; Research Professor, Addiction Research Center, Dept. of Psychiatry; Research Professor, Institute for Research on Women & Gender. She has conducted mixed-method studies that use innovative technologies to examine the relationship between gender and health behaviors. Her first NIH-funded research began in Detroit examining the family relationships of female drug users; however, in 1987 she expanded her focus to include attachment within the mother-daughter relationship and its role in reproducing mothering behaviors. Dr. Boyd is known as a methodologist who designs studies aimed at hidden populations (e.g., drug users, adolescents, prisoners, low resource communities). She has received funding for her research from the National Institutes of Health, State of Michigan, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, National Institute of Justice, and USAID, as well as a number of smaller foundations. Dr. Boyd has: 1) Used innovative web-based methods to survey adolescents and young adults; 2) Collected data with mobile phones from low literate women in Liberia; 3) Conducted mixed method studies of women who smoke crack cocaine, and 4) Conducted secondary analysis focused on sexual minorities using pre-existing national databases. Her current research focuses on prescription medication adherence and misuse, maternity waiting homes in Liberia and clinical interventions to increase medication adherence in high-risk populations. Dr. Boyd’s international experiences includes teaching, mentoring and research in China, Ghana, Liberia, Poland and Zambia.

Current Research Grants and Programs:

  • R01 DA023678 - Boyd (PI) - 03/15/09-12/31/13 NIH/NIDA A Prospective Study of the Nonmedical Use of Prescription Medications by Adolescents. This project will examine subtypes of nonmedical use of prescription medications among secondary students. A mixed-method design is proposed and includes annual, cross-sectional, web-based surveys and a longitudinal panel study that includes face-to-face, semi-structured interviews.
  • T32 DA07267 - Boyd (PI from 1999-2006; Co-PI from 2007-2010) - 1999-2010 NIH/NIDA From Bench to Bedside: An Interdisciplinary Substance Abuse Training Program (T32). The main aim of this training grant is to provide an innovative interdisciplinary training program for 20 pre-doctoral positions and 20 post-doctoral slots over a five-year period.

Affiliations / Service

  • External Advisory Board for the REMS Program for ONSOLIS®, Meda, 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board, National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board,Post-Marketing Surveillance for Suboxone® and Subutex®, Reckitt Benckiser, Inc., 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board: DARE America, 2010
  • Scientific Advisory Board, Institute for Behavior and Health, 2010

Notable Awards / Honors

  • NCID Exemplary Diversity Engagement and Scholarship Award, National Center for Institutional Diversity, 2009
  • Sarah Goddard Power Award for Distinguished Service, University of Michigan, 2009
  • President’s Award, International Nursing Society of Addictions, 2006
  • Senior Mentor Award, Substance Abuse and Addiction Research Section, Midwest Nursing Research Society, 2003
  • Nursing Recognition Award - Research, Sigma Theta Tau, Alpha Lambda Chapter, University of Illinois, Chicago, Ill, 1998
  • Golden Apple Professor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 1996


  • PhD, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1987
  • MSN, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, 1982
  • BSN, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, 1978
  • BGS, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, M, 1973

Publication Highlights

  • Young, A.M,, Grey, M., McCabe, S.E., Boyd, C.J. (In Press). Adolescent Sexual Assault and the Medical and Nonmedical Use of Prescription Medication. Journal of Addiction Nursing.
  • Boyd C.J., Brennan M.J. (2010). High Stakes, Young Lives: Prescription Medications in Our Communities—Insights From Recovering Teens on Preventing Prescription Drug Diversion. CME/CE Monograph. 2010. PharmaCom Group, Inc: Stamford, CT. Available at:
  • Boyd, C.J., Young, A.M., Grey, M., & McCabe, S.E. (2009). Adolescents’ nonmedical use of prescription medications and other problem behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health. PMC Journal-In Process.
  • Boyd, C.J., Teter, C.J., West, B., Morales, M., & McCabe, S. (2009). Non-medical use of prescription pain medications and its relationship to substance abuse and dependence: A three-year panel study. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 28, 232-242. PMC Journal - In process
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., Cranford, J.E., Slayden, J., Lange, J.E., Reed, M.B., Ketchie, J.M., & Scott, M.S. (2008). Heavy episodic drinking and its consequences: The protective effects of same-sex residential living-learning communities for undergraduate women. Addictive Behaviors, 33(8), 987-993. PMCID: PMC2528065
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E. (2008). Coming to terms with the nonmedical use of prescription medications. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy, 3(1), 22. PMCID: 2600778.
  • McCabe, S.E., Cranford, J.A., & Boyd, C.J. (2007). Motives, Diversion, and Routes of Administration Associated with Nonmedical Use of Prescription Opioids. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 562-575. PMCID: 1766373.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., Cranford, J.A., & Young, A.M. (2007). Gender Differences in Prescription Drug Abuse and Diversion among Adolescents in a Southeast Michigan School-District. Archives of Adolescent and Pediatric Medicine, 161, 276-281. PMID: 17339509.
  • Boyd, C.J. (2007) Nonmedical Use of Prescription Medications: What Nurses Should Know. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 18, 113-118.
  • McCabe, S.E., West, B.T., Morales, M., Cranford, J.A., Boyd, C.J. (2007). Does Early Onset of Non-Medical Use Predict Prescription Drug Abuse and Dependence? Results from a National Study. Addiction, 102, 1920-1930. PMCID: 2377405.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E. & Teter, C.J. (2006). Asthma Inhaler Misuse and Substance Abuse: A Random Survey of Secondary School Students. Addictive Behaviors, 31(2), 278-287 PMCID: 2376756.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., & Teter, C.J. (2006). Medical and Nonmedical Use of Prescription Pain Medication by Youth in a Detroit-Area Public School District. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 81(1), 37-45. PMCID: 1785363.
  • McCabe, S.E., Teter, C.J. & Boyd, C.J. (2006). Medical Use, Illicit Use and Diversion of Abuseable Prescription Drugs among Undergraduate Students. Journal of American College Health, 54(5), 269-278. PMCID: 1876754.
  • McCabe, S.E., Teter, C.J. & Boyd, C.J. (2006). Medical Use, Illicit Use and Diversion of Prescription Stimulant Medication. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 38(1), 43-56. PMCID: 1761861.
  • Boyd, C.J., McCabe, S.E., Cranford, J.A., & Young, A.M. (2006). Adolescents’ Motivations to Abuse Prescription Medications. Pediatrics, 118, 2472-2480. PMCID: 1785364.